|Introduction to oceanography|
Why study the oceans? "Oceanography is a diverse subject because it combines all the different sciences with the study of the ocean." (paraphrased from Joseph Valencic)
|History of oceanography|
The first deep-sea explorers were not scientists. They were fishermen, merchants, settlers and explorers of the 15th Century looking for new lands. These latter were the first “oceanographers” as they made meticulous maps of their travels.
|The Secrets of the Deep|
Only 200 years ago, it was generally assumed that the deep sea was void of life. The deep seas were comparable to deserts; it was believed that no animal life existed at depths greater than 400 – 500 m. Read about The Challenger Expedition (1872-76) and The Michael Sars Expedition of 1910.