News: Field Phase [2003 - 2004]
|Art and Science|
[23.11.04] In earlier days, science depended on artists to illustrate and visualise its results and convey these not only to other scientists but also to the general public. During the era of the great scientific expeditions, the role played by art and artists was of vital importance for scientists’ ability to get the message across, as well as their credibility. During the MAR-ECO expedition 2004, this relationship was revitalized.
|Deep-sea School day on the web|
[26.11.05] A group of pupils from different European countries, who are partneres in the Comenius-network, met MAR-ECO-scientists online - in a netmeeting Thursday November 25th 2004. Biology and various questions about being a MAR-ECO scientist was among the topics. See the questions and answers!
|Junior scientists in Bergen|
[10.12.04] A squid made of knitting wool – that was one of the creative products of the MAR-ECO school project during the Science Week in Bergen, when two classes with pupils at the age of 11 dived into the mysteries of the deep sea.
|Communication prize to Bergstad and MAR-ECO|
[12.11.04]MAR-ECO’s project leader, Odd Aksel Bergstad, has been awarded the Research Council of Norway’s 2004 prize for outstanding communication of research. The jury was both impressed and inspired by the diversity and professionalism that were features of the MAR-ECO public outreach programme.
[09.11.04] When the Norwegian research vessel “G.O. Sars” set out on June 3 on its expedition to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Ørnulf Opdahl was on the crew list as ship’s artist, together with the international team of MAR-ECO scientists. His first works from the cruise are currently on display in the Henie-Onstad Art Center at Høvikodden, near Oslo.
|Hydroacoustic recording of marine life to 2000-3000m depth|
[06.08.2004] Highlights from the cruise nr. 1: During the MAR-ECO cruise we used a SIMRAD EK-60 18 kHz scientific echosounder. We were surprised by the geographical extent of layers recorded at about 1500 and 2300 m depth that were composed of fish without swimbladders.
|New squid species|
[06.08.2004] Highlights from the cruise nr. 3: All the 45-50 different species of cephalopods we captured will contribute to our understanding of their ecology, taxonomy, life history and biology. Two squid, however, stand out in their potential impact.
|Fish fauna, and new or unusual findings|
[06.08.2004] Highlights from the cruise nr. 4: More than 80,000 specimens were collected. Further analyses are required to determine if any of these represent new species to science, but some candidate are a ceratioid anglerfish, an ophidiiform fish and Aphyonus gelatinosus, a peculiar fish caught only rarely in the North Atlantic.
|Spectacular bottom fauna|
[06.08.2004] Highlights from the cruise nr. 6: On one of the ROV dives on the seamount north of the Azores at the depth around 2000 m we observed a great number of traces left by an unknown animal. It's our new deep-sea mystery...
|Beautiful gelatinous zooplankton|
06.08.2004] Highlights from the cruise nr. 7: Each time we splashed into the sea with an ROV we encountered wondrous and apparently undescribed animals that behave in unexpected ways. We’ve learned that jellyfish segregate in layers with regard to depth. Animals like comb jellies and medusae are often numerous in a zone 300 to 600 m below the surface and were most diverse just north of the Azores.
|Assistance from the Norwegian air force|
[23.07.2004] One of the Orion-planes from the 333 Squadron of the Norwegian air force carried out an unusual mission Wednesday July 21. They assisted MAR-ECO by flying out six canisters with necessary equipment to a remotedly operated vehicle (ROV) on RV G. O. Sars, which at this point had reached the Carlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone in the northern mid-Atlantic.
|Unusual sampler catches unusual creatures|
[20.07.2004] Onboard RV G.O. Sars one day, the CTD was hauled with a 2,1 m long Pyrosoma colony wrapped around its top! "I have read about this drifter but in 30 years of going to sea I never saw one intact and up close", writes Marsh Youngbluth from Harbour Branch Oceanographic Institution, USA.
|The coffee-cup test|
[27.06.2004] In the deep ocean, the pressure is much higher than on the surface. In order to illustrate this, researchers onboard RV G.O. Sars put a coffee cup into the trawl and brought it down to 2300 meters depth...
|Finds inspiration onboard|
[15.06.2004] - All expectations have been exceeded so fahr, says the painter Ørnulf Opdahl after ten days onboard RV G.O Sars. The well-known Norwegian painter has been invited to join the MAR-ECO cruise, and has his own atelier in one of the laboratories onboard the ship. In a video from the cruise he shows his fresh paintings.
Stuffed deep-water species from the mid-Atlantic can be seen at an exhibition which opened this summer at The Atlantic Sea Park in Aalesund, Norway.
|Setting sail aboard the G.O. Sars|
[03.06.2004] One of the world’s most advanced research vessels, the new Norwegian RV, the G.O. Sars, sets out 5 June for a two-month expedition along the mid-Atlantic Ridge between Iceland and the Azores. Scientists from the international research project, MAR-ECO, will use the latest technology to learn more about what is living in this remote and relatively unexplored deep sea environment.
|Secrets of the Deep Sea|
[28.04.2004] On Wednesday 2 June 2004 Bergen Museum opens the exhibition Secrets of the Deep Sea at the Natural History Collections. The exhibition have a dual function. It represents portions of what is known about life in the deep sea at the same time as it also also addresses ongoing research. The exhibition is linked to the MAR-ECO project which launches its main cruise on 5 June 2004.
|Technology tests onboard G.O. Sars|
[06.05.2004] Application of modern technology is considered one of the most critical factors for success in the challenging investigations MAR-ECO is aiming for. Substantial effort has therefore been invested in fitting RV G.O. Sars properly. In the end of April a test cruise was carried out onboard RV G.O. Sars.
|Longliner MS Loran chartered|
[05.05.2004] To enhance sampling capability on rough ground, MAR-ECO charters the Norwegian commercial longliner MS Loran - which operates longlines, traps and nets Substantial support from Norwegian fishing industry partners and public agencies/authorities facilitated this operation. MS Loran will work alongside RV G.O.Sars in July 2004.
|A two-months deep-sea exploration|
[01.04.04] What lives in the deep sea and how do topographical features and ocean current systems affect the distribution of these marine organisms? The two-month cruise by MAR-ECO researchers aboard the new Norwegian research vessel, G.O. Sars, during the summer of 2004 hopes to find some answers to these questions.
|Landing on the ridge|
[01.04.04] The University of Aberdeen’s Oceanlab has constructed a fleet of landers to investigate the deep-sea with the intention of expanding our understanding of its inhabitants and their role within our oceans.
|Population substructuring in deep-sea fishes|
[01.04.04] A comparative molecular genetic study, based on hyper-variable, so-called microsatellite DNA, has been initiated. The intention is to quantify patterns and levels of population substructure in five key deep-sea fishes along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and adjacent continental slope waters.
|Only four months left|
[17.02.04] Plans for this summer's research cruise aboard the G.O. Sars are being finalised.
|List of fishes|
[10.01.04] Andrej Dolgov, from the PINRO Institute in Russia has prepared a list of fishes, landed in the trawl catches during the RV Smolensk cruise to the Irminger Sea summer 2003. The list contents the latin names and photos of the fishes.
|Should we be eating Orange Roughy?|
[26.01.04] This popular gourmet restaurant fish, is also a fragile deep-sea resource. Its fishery was the subject of an extensive WWF report, published autumn 2003.
|OASIS group onboard the RV Meteor|
[December 03] The Meteor cruise M 60/1 aimed at physical, biogeochemical and biological sampling in the framework of the OASIS project. A total of 28 scientists from 9 European research institutions and universities were on board to measure the physical properties of the water column, to collect water samples and organisms at the two OASIS study sites, and to perform first analyses of the samples.
|The cruise leaders onboard the RV Meteor|
[December 03] The cruise leaders and scientists Bernd Christiansen and Dave Billett are currently on board the RV Meteor studying seamounts — huge underwater mountains that are oases of life in the open sea — in the North East Atlantic Ocean.
|Visiting av vertebrate curator|
[December 03] Teachers from Greece, Portugal, France, Czech Republic, Scotland and Norway met in Bergen to work out a new Comenius network. Ingvar Byrkjedal, a vertebrate curator at Bergen Museum, shared some fascinating deep sea specimens with the teachers.
|RV Smolensk cruise May-June|
[December 03] From 23 May to 18 June 2003 scientists of Knipovich Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography (PINRO) took part in the International Trawl-Acoustic Survey on redfish in the Irminger Sea. This area includes the northern most of the three special MAR-ECO areas along the northern mid-Atlantic Ridge.
[October 03] Well-known Norwegian painter Ørnulf Opdahl has contributed four paintings to be exhibited in Washington at the CoML launching, 23 October.
|NRK TV spot|
[October 03] NRK, Norway's National Broadcasting Service, produced a short popular science documentary on MAR-ECO. It was part of the weekly popular science programme, Schrödinger's Cat. The documentary focused on the recent MAR-ECO cruise to the Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone in the MIR manned submersibles.
[October 03] The choice of appropriate tools (technologies), procedures and strategies can make the difference between the success and failure of a research expedition.
|Associated Press story|
[September 03] The CoML and MAR-ECO scientist, Mike Vecchione was the cruis leader on the recent trip to the dephts of the Charlie- Gibbs Fracture Zone with the Russian MIR submersibles. The Associated Press interviewed him.
|German Radio Broadcast|
[10.09.03 ] A broadcast by German journalist Dagmar Rõhrich on the German radio station, West-Deutsche Rundfunk (WDR5) featured MAR-ECO leaders Odd Aksel Bergstad, Olav Rune Godø and Uwe Piatkowski.
|A Russian poster|
[September 03] A poster entitled "Russian participation in international research project on biota of Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR-ECO)" in Russian, prepared by V. Vinnichenk, V.N. Shibanov, A.M. Orlov, and S.A. Evseenko is currently on display at the "VII International congress on history of oceanography" in Kaliningrad.
|School Network meeting|
[September 03] Representatives from schools in 11 countries have been invited to a meeting in Bergen 3-7 November, 2003, to discuss preparations for submitting a Comenius 1 application to the EU.
|Icelandic cruise report|
[September 03] Information about a cruise to Bear Seamount, May 2003 has been updated. See the ship-to-shore pages for more information.
|Ship-to-shore web site in operation|
[June 03] Computer experts from the Institute of Marine Research in Norway have put together a communication tool that will enable information from the research cruises to be directly inputted to the web.
|Release of first MAR-ECO video|
[June 03] The photographer Michael Palmgren from Klockargårdens Film participated on the Russian-American expedition to the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone, where the Russian manned MIR submersibles descended to 4500 meter.
[June 03] June 3-17 The Russian RV, the Akademic Mistislav Keldysh sailed across the Atlantic Ocean from Copenhagen, Denmark to St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada.
|RV Árni Friðriksson cruise|
[June 03] The REDFISH/MAR-ECO cruise with RV Árni Friðriksson, will be conducted in the Irminger Sea and adjacent areas from June 3 to July 4 2003.
|Norwegian core group meeting in Bergen|
[May 03] 35 people attended the meeting. The aim of the meeting was to formulate and write MAR-ECO related proposals for submission to the Norwegian Research Council. The programme included proposal writing during working group sessions and discussions in plenary sessions.
|Second Bear Seamount cruise|
[May 03] The main goal of the May cruise was to explore the biodiversity of the seamount by collecting fish and cephalopods in bottom and mid-water trawls. The deepest trawls went to more than 2000m. In conjunction with the Census of Marine Life's goal to develop and implement new marine science technologies, researchers on the cruise also tested a new computer-based measuring system.
|OASIS cruise to Sedlo Seamount|
[March 2002] The OASIS project is a FP5 EU funded project on Sedlo Seamount north of the Azores. The project aims to study the seamount ecosystem by integrating physical, biogeochemical and biological research. One of the scopes of OASIS is to produce comprehensive and science-based management guidelines for seamounts in deep sea areas.
|Visit to the MAR-ECO participants in the Azores|
[March 03] MAR-ECO Public Outreach representatives Elinor Bartle (UiB) and Anne Gerd Lind, teacher from Svolvær Senior High School visited MAR-ECO participants in the Azores in March. The purpose was to visit Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, observe unique research setting, learn about multi-faceted PO programme.
|Renowned Norwegian artist, Ørnulf Opdahl joins project|
[March 2002] Renowned Norwegian artist, Ørnulf Opdahl has been invited to join the international marine research project, MAR-ECO. Together with MAR-ECO scientists, he will experience a new inspirational challenge in the savage landscapes and mysteries of the deep waters around the northern portion of the mid-Atlantic Ridge.